DARIEN LITTLE LEAGUE
2019 LOCAL RULES
Darien Little League, Inc. (“DLL”) provides a supervised program of Little League Baseball in accordance with the National Rules and Regulations of Little League Baseball, Incorporated.
DLL Baseball is organized into several leagues corresponding to the ages and levels of skill of its participants, as follows: Major, Minor, AAA, AA, A and T-Ball Leagues. The Major, Minor and AAA Leagues are further divided into American and National Divisions.
III. Operating Manual Guidelines and Official Regulations and Playing Rules
These Local Rules are intended to be interpreted in accordance with the Operating Manual of Little League Baseball (the “Operating Manual”) and the 2019 Official Regulations and Playing Rules of Little League Baseball (the “Official Regulations”). Any exceptions to the Operating Manual or Official Regulations are specifically noted in these rules. If there is a conflict between the Local Rules and the Operating Manual or Official Regulations, the Local Rules shall prevail.
B. OPERATING GUIDELINES
I. Team Schedules
Each of the Leagues will have a round-robin schedule.
At the conclusion of the regular-season schedule, the Major, Minor, and AAA Leagues will participate in post-season elimination tournaments. A single elimination playoff format will be used for the post-season tournaments.
II. Player Eligibility
The Player Agents and/or League Commissioners for each League shall be responsible for all team assignments and player allocations. Consistent with the skill level and safety needs of the participants, player eligibility for the various Leagues shall be as follows:
a. Major League Baseball
All age eligible players who played in the Major League in the previous year will remain in the Major League for the current year.
No participant is eligible to play in the Major League unless that participant is considered by Little League rules as age 11 or 12 or determined as a Little League age 10 AND they have been selected as a member of the Darien 10u Travel Team.
All players deemed as a Little League age 12 year old must play in the Major League unless a specific waiver is requested by the player’s parent and is granted by DLL and Little League Baseball Incorporated.
b. Minor League Baseball
Except as set forth above, all players who played in the Minor League in the previous season are eligible to either remain in the Minor League, through participation in the Minor League Selection or the Major League Draft for the current season.
No participant is eligible to play in the Minor League unless that participant is considered a Little League age 9, 10 or 11 and is in 4th or 5th grade.
c. AAA League Baseball
All players who played in the AAA League in the previous year are eligible to either remain in the AAA League for the current year, through participation in the AAA League Selection, the Minor League Selection, or the Major League Draft (provided such player meets the requirements in B II. (a) or B II. (b) above, as applicable).
Any eligible player who desires to play in the AAA League will be assigned to a AAA team. No participant will be eligible to play in the AAA League unless that participant is considered a Little League age 8 or 9 year old; 8-year-old third graders will be included in the league and 8-year-old second graders may be admitted in the discretion of the AAA Commissioner and approval of the Vice President of Baseball.
d. AA, A and T-Ball Baseball Leagues
No participant is eligible to play in the AA League unless that participant is presently in second grade.
No participant is eligible to play in the A League unless that participant is presently in first grade.
No participant is eligible to play in the T-Ball League unless that participant is presently in kindergarten.
III. Draft Procedures
The Board of Directors of DLL is solely responsible for the establishment of all draft procedures.
Subject to the safety and other considerations set forth below, the procedures for the drafts of the several Leagues shall be based on the schedule attached as Exhibit 1.
a. Minor, AAA, AA, A, and T-Ball Baseball Leagues
There shall be no draft.
b. Major Leagues
All players who desire to be assigned to a team roster in either the Major or Minor Leagues must attend a designated tryout session for the desired League unless otherwise determined by the Player Agent and Commissioner for such League.
c. Reduction of Rosters
In each draft, each team will select or be assigned the exact number of players necessary to fill its roster.
IV. Player Replacements
The DLL Board of Directors is responsible for the establishment of all procedures relating to player replacements. Subject to the safety considerations set forth below, the procedures for player replacements in the various Leagues are as follows:
a. Temporary Replacements
Managers of teams in the Majors League must fill temporary roster absence by selecting a player from a Player Pool established by the Majors Player Agent and consisting of Minors players. Managers of teams in the Minor and AAA Leagues may use players from a Player Pool derived from either their equivalent League or a lower League to fill a temporary roster absence. Teams are NOT required to replace absent players, except when necessary, in the Majors and Minors, to field at least 9 players and in AAA, to field at least 7. To replace absent players, the team’s manager must contact his League’s Player Agent and request a player from the available pool of players.
PLAYER POOL - A player pool of eligible players shall be established by the League’s Player Agent. Players eligible for the Major League Pool will be comprised of players from Minors and selected by the Majors Player Agent. Players will be selected from the pool as available and on a rotating basis. Managers may not request specific players from the pool.
POOL SELECTION – The Major Player Agent shall create a list, in random order, of all players selected and placed in the Player Pool. The Major Player Pool will consist only of the 1st or 2nd highest ranked player on his team in Minors. For lower levels there shall consist of 2 Player Pools. One which will consist for players to play in the same league and another for call-ups to a higher division. The Call-Up Player Pool shall consist of the 2 highest ranked players on each team. The Intra League Player Pool shall consist of players ranked between 4th and 10th on their current team. When a substitute player is needed, the Player Agent will start at the top of the list and contact players until a player is identified who is available and wants to play. If a player is contacted and wants to play but is unable to due to a conflict, that player shall remain at the top of the contact list.
Substituting players who are pulled from the Player Pool MAY NOT pitch, catch, play shortstop or first base in any game in which such players substitute, must play the minimum number of defensive innings (3), and are required to bat at least once. Substitute players must be placed in the lineup at the bottom of the batting order. No substitute should play in the field for more innings than a roster player who was present at the beginning of the game.
b. Permanent Call-Ups
In the event that any team roster in the Major or Minor Leagues shall permanently consist of fewer than twelve players due to illness, injury or otherwise, the Manager shall select a replacement player from a lower League. The Manager must work with the Player Agent of the League, who is responsible for contacting eligible potential replacement players about the opportunity to play up. Only players who participated in the Major League tryout are eligible to be selected as Major League replacement players.
In the event that any team roster in the AAA League shall permanently consist of fewer than twelve players due to illness, injury or otherwise, the AAA Commissioner and Player Agent shall determine if a call-up player is required. If it is determined that a call-up player is required, the AAA Commissioner and Player Agent will select a replacement player from a lower League.
In the Major, Minor and AAA Leagues, once a player is promoted from a lower League, that player shall remain a roster player on the new team for the duration of the season, including playoffs.
c. AA, A, and T-Ball Leagues
No player replacements shall be permitted at the AA, A or T-Ball League levels.
V. Playoff Games
Playoff procedures are set forth in the document entitled “2019 DLL Playoff Procedures.”
VI. Field Decorum
The conduct of players, managers and coaches during a game shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Section 1.00 and Regulation XIV of the Official Regulations except as set forth below:
a. Playing Rule 1.10 shall be amended so as to read as follows:
Beginning with the 2018 season, non-wood and laminated bats used in the Little League (Majors) and Minors division shall bear the USA Baseball logo signifying that the bat meets the USABat – USA Baseball’s Youth Bat Performance Standard. All BPF – 1.15 bats will be prohibited beginning with the 2018 season. Additionally, starting in 2018, the bat diameter shall not exceed 2⅝ inches for these divisions of play. Additional information is available at LittleLeague.org/batinfo.
b. Playing Rule 1.11(1) shall be added so as to read as follows:
All players shall be required to keep their shirts tucked into their pants during a game and to otherwise have a proper appearance.
c. Regulation XIV (c) shall be amended so as to read as follows:
In the Major, Minor and AAA Leagues, both base coaches may be adult coaches as long as there is at least one adult manager or coach in the dugout. In the AAA, AA, A, and T-Ball Leagues, both first- and third-base coaches should be adult coaches.
d. Regulation XIV(g) shall be added so as to read as follows:
In all Leagues, no on-deck batters shall be permitted to hold or swing a bat at any time.
e. Regulation XIV(f) shall be deleted.
f. The definition of BENCH or DUGOUT shall be amended to: “the seating facilities reserved for players, substitutes, one manager, and not more than three coaches when they are not actively engaged on the playing field. Batboys and/or batgirls are not permitted.”
C. OFFICIAL REGULATIONS & PLAYING RULES
I. Objectives of the Game
The objectives of the game shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Section 1.00 of the Official Regulations.
b. Playing Rule 1.18 shall be added so as to read as follows:
In the AAA League, the Official Regulations shall be modified as shown in Exhibit 2.
III. Game Preliminaries and Weather Conditions
All game preliminaries and issues concerning weather conditions shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Section 3.00 of the Official Regulations except as set forth below:
a. Playing Rule 3.01(a) shall be added so as to read as follows:
No game may start if a manager has not entered previous game’s pitch counts onto the website and current game is subject to forfeit if said games are not entered within starting time grace period.
b. Playing Rule 3.01(f) shall be added so as to read as follows:
The Home Team shall have the right to first practice on the playing field, if the same is not being used for another scheduled game, but must complete its practice and vacate the playing field no later than twenty minutes prior to the scheduled time for the commencement of play. Thereafter, the Visiting Team shall have the right to practice on the playing field, but must complete its practice and vacate the playing field no later than five minutes prior to the scheduled time for the commencement of play. If the field is available for fewer than thirty-five minutes prior to the scheduled time for the commencement of play, the teams shall share equally the time available, with the Home Team having the right to practice first.
c. Playing Rule 3.01(g) shall be added so as to read as follows:
The Home Team shall have the responsibility to place the bases on the playing field prior to the commencement of play and, after the completion of play, shall have the responsibility to return the bases to their designated depository. At the conclusion of the game, both the Home Team and the Visiting Team shall insure that all refuse has been removed from the playing field and the dugouts.
d. Playing Rule 3.03(e) shall be added so as to read as follows:
For Majors Division, a starter, (S1) re-entering the game as a substitute for another starter (S2) must have completed minimum playing conditions of the League (1 at bat and 9 defensive outs) before starter (S2) can re-enter the game. Once both players have completed their minimum playing conditions, they can be substituted for each other at will but neither may substitute for another player unless forced to by injury or illness.
e. Playing Rule 3.10(a) shall be amended so as to read as follows:
Prior to one hour before the commencement of play, the President or League Commissioner shall have the right to cancel any scheduled game due to either inclement weather or the unfitness of the playing field. In the event that the President and League Commissioner are both unavailable to make that determination, the managers of both teams shall then have the right to cancel any scheduled game, due to either inclement weather or the unfitness of the playing field, at the playing field, before the scheduled commencement of play. In the event that the managers of the teams cannot agree on the cancellation of any scheduled game, the head umpire shall make the final determination.
f. Playing Rule 3.10(b) shall be amended to add the following:
After visual detection of lightning at a field or alerted by an on-site lightning detection system, play shall be suspended in accordance with the 2019 Safety Plan until either thirty minutes have elapsed or the umpire believes it is safe to resume play, whichever is later.
g. Playing Rule 3.10(c) shall be added so as to read as follows:
All canceled games shall be rescheduled by the League Commissioner.
IV. Starting and Ending the Game
All games shall be subject to, and conducted in accordance with, Section 4.00 of the Official Regulations except as set forth below:
a. Playing Rule 4.01 shall be amended to add the following:
Preceding the starting time of the game, both coaches will confirm and announce to umpire, opposing coach and official scorer any pitchers that are ineligible, both numbers and names. Any discrepancies should be resolved prior to the start of the game.
b. Playing Rule 4.04 shall be amended to add the following:
In the Major Leagues, an Extra Hitter position is created. The Extra Hitter shall be treated in the same manner as any other position for substitution purposes. Any player who is designated the Extra Hitter must also play a minimum of three innings in the field. The Extra Hitter position must be used whenever a team has ten or more players present at a game.
In the Minor and AAA Leagues, a consecutive batting order, which consists of the complete roster, shall be used during every game.
In the AA, A, and T-Ball Leagues, a running batting order, which consists of the complete roster, shall be used during every inning. (A running batting order means all players bat once each inning, regardless of the number of outs made).
b. Playing Rule 4.10(a) shall be amended so as to read as follows:
In the Major League, if, after five innings (four and one-half innings if the home team is ahead), one team has a lead of fifteen runs or more, the manager of the trailing team shall concede the victory to the opponent. Note: If the visiting team has a lead of fifteen runs or more, the home team must bat in its half of the inning.
AAA and Minors regular season games will have time limits of 1:15 and 1:30, respectively, measured from the first pitch. When the home plate umpire announces “Play Ball” at the start of a game, he shall announce the official game start time. The home team shall record this time in their scorebook. When the time limit is reached, the current inning will be completed and the next inning will be the last inning of the game.
In the Minor and AAA Leagues, no team shall be permitted to score more than five runs in any inning, except the last inning of play. The last inning of play is defined as the inning declared as such by the home plate umpire due to the time limit, or the sixth inning, whichever comes first. In the last inning of play, teams may score as many runs as possible; provided that, in non-playoff games, if the visiting team has scored five runs in its half of the last inning and is ahead by 10 runs or more, the visiting team will end its batting turn; in that event, the home team can do no more than tie the score in the bottom half of the last inning.
c. Length of Playoff Games
Every playoff game will be played in its entirety and therefore will not be deemed to be completed unless all six innings have been completed (or five and one-half innings if the home team is ahead after five and one-half innings). Therefore, if a playoff game cannot be completed due to darkness, inclement weather or for any other reason, the game will be suspended and then resumed at a later date at exactly the same point in the game as when it was suspended.
For the Major League only: If a player who was on the line-up card for the original day of the game does not attend the resumed game and that absent player cannot be substituted for within the substitution rules, the opposing manager will be permitted to select the substitute for the absent player from any players on the absent player’s team.
All protests shall be subject to, and conducted in accordance with, Section 4.00 of the Official Regulations (see Playing Rule 4.19) except as set forth below:
i. Playing Rule 4.19(1) shall be amended so as to read as follows:
Following notice of a protest, the umpire shall consult with the League Commissioner if the League Commissioner is present at the playing field. If the League Commissioner is present at the playing field and is convinced that the decision is in conflict with the rules, the League Commissioner shall reverse that decision. If, however, the League Commissioner is not convinced that the decision is not in conflict with the rules, the League Commissioner shall announce that the game is being played under protest. Failure of the League Commissioner to make such announcement shall not affect the validity of the protest.
If the League Commissioner is not present at the playing field and the umpire is convinced that the decision is in conflict with the rules, the umpire shall reverse that decision. If, however, the umpire is not convinced that the decision is not in conflict with the rules, the umpire shall announce that the game is being played under protest. Failure of the umpire to make such announcement shall not affect the validity of the protest.
A Protest Committee, as selected by the Board of Directors, shall hear and resolve any such protest as above, including interpretation of playing rules. A protest can lead to a penalty up to and including forfeit, to be determined by the Protest Committee in its discretion.
Protests are discouraged. Teams considering a protest should take all reasonable steps to avoid a protest. Teams considering a protest must notify the alleged offender of a potential cause for protest immediately upon learning the facts supporting the cause for protest. Failure to notify the other team immediately is grounds for denial of the protest.
VI. The Batter
The conduct of batters during a game shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Section 6.00 of the Official Regulations except as set forth below:
a. Playing Rule 6.05(d) shall be amended to add the following:
The “infield fly” rule shall be in force only in the Major League.
b. Playing Rule 6.06(d) shall be added so as to read as follows:
The batter enters the batter’s box with one or both feet entirely on the ground with an illegal bat (see bat specifications rule 1.10) or is discovered having used an illegal bat prior to the next player entering the batter’s box.
NOTE: If the infraction is discovered before the next player enters the batter’s box following the turn at bat of the player who used an illegal bat:
1. The manager of the defense may accept the penalty and the batter will be ruled out and any or all baserunners must return to the base they occupied prior to the illegal at-bat. The defensive manager may also advise the plate umpire of a decision to decline the penalty and accept the play. Such election shall be made immediately at the end of the play.
2. For the first violation, the offensive team will lose one eligible adult base coach for the duration of the game. A.R.— Any of the three adults in the dugout may be used as the one adult base coach at any time during the duration of the game.
3. For the second violation, the manager of the team will be ejected from the game. Any subsequent violation will result in the newly designated manager being ejected. A.R.— When an illegal bat is discovered, it MUST be removed from the game at that point.
c. Playing Rule 6.10 shall be added so as to read as follows:
A batter shall be permitted to bunt in only the Major and Minor Leagues. No player shall be permitted to fake a bunt and then swing on the same pitch.
d. Playing Rule 6.11 shall be added so as to read as follows:
Any player who, in the umpire’s judgment, intentionally throws a bat, will be called out. A batter who, in the umpire’s judgment, unintentionally throws the bat will be warned. The umpire will also administer a warning to the manager of that team. The team warning will be noted in the official scorebook. Thereafter, each batter from that team who throws the bat, whether intentionally or unintentionally, will be called out. If the ball is batted fairly on a thrown bat, the play will be allowed to continue. Once the play has been completed, the batter will be called out and all runners will return to the base they occupied before the ball was batted with no penalty to those runners. If the out called as a result of the thrown bat is the third out of the inning, no runs may score.
The conduct of runners during a game shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Section 7.00 of the Official Regulations except as set forth below:
a. Playing Rule 7.14 shall be added so as to read as follows:
1. A runner shall be permitted to steal a base in the Major and Minor Leagues. Stealing of third base is permitted in the AAA League in the discretion of the AAA commissioner for all or part of the season in consultation with the Vice President of Baseball. In the Minor League, no runner is permitted to attempt a delayed steal and a batter is not permitted to attempt to steal a base after receiving a base on balls (i.e., a pitch must be thrown before the runner is permitted to attempt to steal a base) and a runner on first base at the time of a walk is not permitted to attempt to steal third base.
2. A pinch runner may be used in all Leagues only for a player who, due to injury or illness, is unable to run on the bases. The pinch runner shall be the player who made the most recent out for the team. In the event an out has not been recorded in the inning, the pinch runner shall be the player in the batting order furthest away from batting next. The player for whom the pinch runner runs is not subject to removal from the lineup unless the player is unable to take his or her next regular at bat or resume a defensive position.
3. In all leagues, upon the 2nd out of an inning, a courtesy runner may be inserted for a player on base who will be playing the defensive position of catcher in the half inning immediately following. The courtesy runner shall be the player who recorded the last recorded out. The player being removed MUST complete 3 defensive outs in the following inning at catcher regardless of the position played in the prior inning, except in the case of injury or illness. While the League recommends the usage of a courtesy runner to expedite the game, a Manager is NOT required to insert the courtesy runner and can do so at his/her discretion.
b. Playing Rule 7.16 shall be added so as to read as follows:
In the Minor League, on only an attempted steal, in the case of an overthrow from the catcher, it shall be considered a “dead ball” and no further advancement by the runner shall be allowed past the base that was being stolen. No runner may steal home base. For example:
1. Runner at first base attempts to steal second base, catcher overthrows the ball past second base, runner may not advance past second base;
2. Runners at first base and second base both attempt to steal second base and third base, catcher overthrows the ball past either base, runners may not advance past second and third bases;
3. Runners at first base and third base, only runner on first base attempts to steal second base, catcher overthrows the ball past second base, runner on third base may not advance and the runner who was stealing second base must remain on second base;
4. Runners at first base and second base, runner on first base attempts to steal second base, catcher overthrows the ball past second base, runner on second base may advance to third base and the runner who was stealing second base must remain on second base.
VIII. The Pitcher
The conduct of pitchers during a game shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Section 8.00 and Regulation VI of the Official Regulations, except as set forth below:
a. Pitch Count Regulations.
See Exhibit 3.
b. For the Major League only.
In all games prior to Pool Play, no pitcher shall be permitted to pitch in more than four innings in any game. Throwing one pitch in an inning counts as having pitched in that inning.
c. For the Major League only, Playing Rule 8.05(n) shall be added so as to read as follows:
During the first two weeks of the regular season, the umpire shall give a pitcher one warning before an illegal pitch is called under Playing Rule 8.05. Any action that led to such a warning will not count (for example, if pitcher “quick pitches” under 8.05(e) during the first two weeks of the season and receives a warning, the pitch will not count as a ball or strike).
d. For all Leagues other than the Major League, the Penalty under Playing Rule 8.05(k) shall be amended so as to remove the words: “The pitch shall be called a ball.”
Any action constituting an illegal pitch under Playing Rule 8.05 will not count (for example, if pitcher “quick pitches” under 8.05(e), the umpire shall call an illegal pitch, and the pitch will not count as a ball or strike).
e. For all Leagues other than the Major League.
No pitcher shall be permitted to pitch more than three innings in any game.
f. AAA Coach-Pitch rules.
For all games played through the first week of May, there will be no walks. After four balls are called on a batter, the coach of the team batting will pitch to the batter. Any strikes that have already been called on the batter carry forward to the coach-pitch segment of the at bat. The AAA pitcher remains on the field and fields the pitcher’s position. After the batter completes the at bat, the AAA pitcher pitches to the next batter. The League Commissioner shall have the authority, in the exercise of his discretion, after consultation with the Vice President of Baseball, to extend the application of this rule, provided the objective of moving AAA towards full kid-pitch during the season is met.
IX. The Players
The conduct of players during a game shall be subject to, and determined in accordance with, Regulation IV of the Official Regulations except as set forth below:
a. Regulation IV(i) shall be amended so as to read as follows:
In the Major League, every player on a team roster who is present at the start of the game must participate in the game for a minimum of nine defensive outs, need not be played in consecutive order, and shall bat at least once. This mandatory play requirement must be met by all players by the end of 5 (FIVE) complete innings. There is no exception to this rule other than a shortened game. The home team not batting in the bottom of the 6th inning does NOT constitute a shortened game.
In the Minor and AAA Leagues, no player shall sit out a second inning until all players have sat out at least one inning; no player shall sit out a third inning until all players have sat out at least two innings; etc. No player shall sit out two defensive innings in a row. Each player who is present at the start of a game shall play at least two defensive innings of that game in the infield (which includes the pitcher and catcher positions). Penalties for violations are in the discretion of the Commissioner.
DARIEN LITTLE LEAGUE
2019 LOCAL RULES
The DLL Baseball Major League for 2019 will be comprised of eight teams split between two divisions, American and National. The following program will be used for the selection of players for each team.
Players to be Considered
Eligible players will be determined and in accordance with DLL Local Rule Section II. a
The team assignment to the two divisions will be determined randomly. The draft order will be established by a committee, headed by the Majors Commissioner, to assign the appropriate draft round and slot for each of the managers’ sons. Managers’ draft position will be assigned correspondingly to the placement of his son’s draft ranking. Ie. If a manager’s son is ranked as the top player in the league, the manager’s team will be deemed as having the first overall pick in the draft. . If manager/managers do not have a son in the draft and thus a mandatory selection, they will be assigned a random order based on any available spots. Once the draft selection order is determined, teams with odd number selection positions (1, 3, 5, etc.) will be grouped as the American division and the teams with the even number selection positions will be grouped as the National division. (is this in fact true?)
The player pool will be split into two groups with the first group being the “Returning Major Leaguers” or “Returning Draft” and the second group being the “Rising Major Leaguers” or “Rising Draft”. Only returning Major Leaguers will be selected in the Returning Draft. Each team will have an equal number of picks in the Returning Draft. The number of rounds in the Returning Draft will be determined by the number of Returning Players in the draft, to the extent that each round can be satisfied with an eligible player. At the point a draft round ends and there are no longer enough Returning Players to be selected by each team in the draft, the Returning Draft will terminate. Any undrafted players will be placed into the Rising Draft as “Must Draft” Players and eligible to be picked at any point in the Rising Draft. For example, if there are 10 teams drafting and 56 Returning Players, the Returning Draft will consist of 5 rounds, with 6 Returning Players moving into the Rising Draft. The draft selection order will follow a “Z” pattern — the first round will run in order with teams in position 1 through 10 and the second round will run in reverse with teams in position from 10 to 1. This “Z” pattern will be used for both the Rising and Returning Drafts. At the completion of the Returning Draft, the Rising Draft will begin, and the draft order will be the inverse of the Returning Draft. The manager who had the 10th pick in the Returning Draft will have the FIRST pick in the Rising draft, the 9th pick in the Returning Draft will have the 2nd in the Rising Draft and so on. The Manager of each team will be responsible for making player selections based on the draft order. The round in which the manager’s child is slotted, the manager will automatically pick his child and will have no further pick in that round. Each team will be required to select the same number of 12 year-olds unless there are an uneven number of 12- year-olds, in which one or more teams selected at random will select one fewer 12-year-old than the other teams. Each team will be allowed to take a maximum of two Little League 10-year-olds, with no minimum.
Paper draft conducted by the Minor League Commissioner and Minor League Player Agent.
Paper draft conductedby the AAA Commissioner and AAA Player Agent.